Located at the hinterland of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in Nagqu Prefecture, Tibet Autonomous Region, Nyainrong County is part of the deeply-impoverished “Three Regions and Three Prefectures.” It covers an area of 21,400 square kilometers, including 18,500 square kilometers of available pastures. Averaging an altitude of 4,700 meters above sea level, the county has unfavorable natural conditions and a fragile ecological environment and its economy based on animal husbandry. Under its jurisdiction are nine townships, one town, and 142 villagers (residents) committees. It has a population of 36,800, of whom 35,600, or 96.7 percent, are herders. In 2017, the county’s GDP was 622 million yuan and its per capita GDP 17,000 yuan, compared to the national average of 59,700 yuan. By the end of 2017, there were still 8,078 registered impoverished people of 1,969 households, with a poverty headcount ratio at 22.7 percent.
The county strives to be removed from the list of impoverished regions by the end of 2018 and completely shake off poverty by 2020. According to the 2018 poverty alleviation criteria of Tibet Autonomous Region, those who have risen above poverty earn per capita annual income of more than 4,455 yuan, have adequate food and clothing, and enjoy compulsory education, basic medical care and housing, with a poverty headcount ratio below 3 percent and a degree of satisfaction above 90 percent.
2.Poverty Alleviation Efforts in Recent Years
The Group began its pairing assistance to the county in 2002, selecting and appointing a deputy secretary of the county’s Party committee and a deputy county magistrate (temporary post).
In the last two years, the company has invested a total of 73.8 million yuan in 22 assistance projects. Of this, some 28.48 million yuan was used for the upgrading and remodeling of a local pasture and the development of feature animal husbandry, 11,51 million yuan was used to build a platform for remote medical?consultation at the People’s Hospital of Nyainrong County, township clinics and primary schools, and 36,24 million yuan was spent on the construction of ecological demonstration villages and improvement of housing for poverty-stricken households. Furthermore, the company has also organized teaching and medical professionals, officials at different levels and entrepreneurial herders to attend training programs in developed regions outside Tibet.